Scientists tried to send the electrons generated from laser-plasma wakefield accelerator to the undulator to produce the light. This new experiment was reported in the recent Nature Physics.
The laser pulse is focused by an off-axis parabolic mirror into a supersonic helium gas jet where it accelerates electrons (blue line) to several tens of mega-electron volt energy. The electron beam profile may be monitored by a removable scintillating screen. The electrons propagate through an undulator, producing synchrotron radiation, and into a magnetic electron spectrometer. Radiation is collected by a lens and analysed in an optical spectrometer. The spectrometer is protected against direct laser and plasma exposure by a thin aluminium foil in front of the undulator.
Abstract: Ultrashort light pulses are powerful tools for time-resolved studies of molecular and atomic dynamics1. They arise in the visible and infrared range from femtosecond lasers2, and at shorter wavelengths, in the ultraviolet and X-ray range, from synchrotron sources3 and free-electron lasers4. Recent progress in laser wakefield accelerators has resulted in electron beams with energies from tens of mega-electron volts to more than 1 GeV within a few centimetres, with pulse durations predicted to be several femtoseconds9. The enormous progress in improving beam quality and stability makes them serious candidates for driving the next generation of ultracompact light sources. Here, we demonstrate the first successful combination of a laser-plasma wakefield accelerator, producing 55–75 MeV electron bunches, with an undulator to generate visible synchrotron radiation. By demonstrating the wavelength scaling with energy, and narrow-bandwidth spectra, we show the potential for ultracompact and versatile laser-based radiation sources from the infrared to X-ray energies.