Science daily news reported that a team from Advanced Photon Research Center at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency has demonstrated to generate an ultrashort and ultraintense x-ray pulse using the ordinary laser.
Sergei Bulanov of the Advanced Photon Research Center at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency in Kyoto and colleagues say they have a prototype that can generate pulses of x-ray laser light on the cheap. The researchers call their technique "relativistic tennis with photons," but a more violent analogy may better convey how it works. Suppose you throw a golf ball at a locomotive that is speeding toward you. The golf ball will bounce off it and come flying back at you with tremendous energy--just before you get run over.
The golf ball is a pulse of ordinary low-energy photons. With a tabletop setup, Bulanov and colleagues create the equivalent of a locomotive by firing a different laser into a cloud of plasma, where it creates a wake that travels at near-light speed. When the photons hit the wake, their energy increases 56-fold. They are also focused into an ultrashort, ultraintense blast by the wake, which is shaped like a miniature radar dish.